A research on platos paradox in the meno

Theory of recollection flaws

Rawson, Glenn. No satisfactory definition of virtue emerges in the Meno. Socrates points out to the slaveholder that "governing well" cannot be a virtue of a slave, because then he would not be a slave. For example, the virtue of a woman is to be good at managing a household and to be submissive to her husband. Since Socrates denies knowing the nature of virtue, while Meno confidently claims to know all about it, Socrates gets Meno to try defining it. He seeks definitions of virtues like courage, moderation, justice, and piety, and often he suggests that each virtue, or virtue as a whole, is really some kind of knowledge. So Bill tells Tom that Mary knows when the party begins. Socrates suggests that Anytus does not realize what slander is, and continues his dialogue with Meno as to the definition of virtue. Theory and Practice Nehamas, Alexander. I argue that neither of these problems is soluble unless consistency can be shown to be sufficient for truth. We recognize them as correct when we confront them. Anytus in the Meno will be one of the three men who prosecute Socrates, which is specifically foreshadowed in the Meno at 94e. Clearly, what Socrates is looking for would be not just theoretical knowledge but some kind of practical wisdom, a knowledge that can properly direct our behavior and our use of material things. The general amnesty did not allow prosecuting such allegations. Near this point in the dialogue, Socrates also states that after employing such ideas to elicit the relevant true beliefs, more work is still required for converting them to knowledge 85c-d.

He points out that great Athenians like Pericles, Themistocles, and Aristides were all good men, and they managed to teach their sons specific skills like horse riding, or music. Here he seems more confident about the truth of his claims.

They turn to the question of whether virtue is indeed knowledge.

Menos paradox explained

Socrates' response: Everyone desires what they think is good an idea one encounters in many of Plato's dialogues. In conclusion, I suggest that recognizing the role this theory plays in Plato's metaphysics helps to solve ancillary but related problems in Plato scholarship, such as what to make of Socratic ignorance and how to construe Plato's resolution of Meno's paradox. He claims not to know the answers to his questions, and he interrogates others who do claim to know those answers. He was portrayed with different emphases by different authors, including Xenophon, Aeschines, Antisthenes, Phaedo, Euclides, and others. But if Meno forgets or deliberately avoids it, Socrates does not. Myles Burnyeat and others, however, have argued that the phrase aitias logismos refers to a practical working out of a solution, rather than a justification. How the Doctrine of Recollection is supposed to solve the problem of recognizing instances You can recognize an instance of X when you don't know what X is, in the following sense: you already know implicitly intuitively what X is, at least well enough to recognize instances of it. Or is it not taught, but trained? He illustrates with a geometrical hypothesis that is notoriously obscure, but the corresponding hypothesis about virtue seems to be this: if virtue is something that is taught, then it is a kind of knowledge, and if it is a kind of knowledge, then it is something that is taught 87b-c. Through many reversals of fortune, Athens both suffered greatly and flourished culturally, using some of that tribute for her own development and adornment. They figure again in other dialogues, notably the Phaedo. But perhaps that is all he is intending to establish cf. Socrates says he will not vouch for the details, but recommends it as encouraging us to work hard at learning what we do not now know. I argue that Socrates presupposes, and Plato subscribes to, just such a theory; this explains why they both think that there is only one fully consistent set of beliefs, and that truth consists in membership in that set.

Some English Translations Plato: Meno. Plato wrote it probably about B. At t2 the boy knows that P.

menos paradox sparknotes

The whole range of examples used in this dialogue would be relevant. Since the soul has had contact with real things prior to birth, we have only to 'recollect' them when alive.

Menos paradox pdf

And see esp. Socrates demonstrates his method of questioning and recollection by interrogating a slave who is ignorant of geometry. He says that Anthemion had his son well-educated and so Anytus is well-suited to join the investigation. Even if you happen to bump right into it, how will you know it is the thing you didn't know? So why would Socrates use the faulty hypothesis that knowledge and only knowledge is taught, when it contradicts his notion of recollection and his model geometry lesson? After those Persian invasions, many independent cities had asked Athens to replace Sparta in leading a united defense and reprisal against the Persian empire. But then Socrates warns again that they will not really learn how virtue is acquired until they first figure out what virtue itself is. First, he argues, on the hypothesis that virtue is necessarily good, that it must be some kind of knowledge, and therefore must be something that is taught. Meno is astonished at this reply and accepts Socrates' invitation to define the term.

Platonis Opera, vol.

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Plato: Meno's Paradox