An analysis of the importance of mississippi river in the battles for the confederate in america

A campaign The effort of United States troops to capture Vicksburg took over a year, from the spring of to the summer ofand it involved thousands of soldiers and caused much bloodshed.

At the town of Franklin, Hood ordered frontal assaults that after five hours of intense fighting, left his army in tatters; five generals were dead.

Troopers from the 1st Battalion, 13th U. Results The Siege of Vicksburg was a great victory for the Union.

why was control of the mississippi river important during the civil war

Grant, had ended months of Northern frustration and failure by landing an overwhelming force in western Mississippi on the night of April 30, then moving inland across the state. Eugene Carr would spearhead the attack.

battle of vicksburg

Lee taking over the defense of Richmond and initiating the Seven Days Battle. As had happened that morning, the Missourians and Mississippians within the fort shattered the approaching bluecoat contingent.

First came the spring upriver attack by Union gunboats.

Battle of vicksburg map

In 17 days of brilliant campaigning, the misleadingly phlegmatic Grant had inflicted five crushing defeats on separate bands of Confederate warriors who had always felt that enemy soldiers could never threaten them so deep on their own home soil. At , with a shrill Rebel yell, about 40 Texans with several late Alabama volunteers moved out along a narrow ridge swept by Yankee snipers. He had seen them struggle toward the forts against the galling Rebel fire. On April 23, Farragut, impatient with the bombardment's results, began planning to run his fleet past the forts. Immediate oversight of the forts fell to Brigadier General Johnson K. McWhiney, Grady and Perry D. The rifle pits and trenches surrounding Vicksburg on three sides linked nine steep-walled forts, protected by ditches.

Grant then launched his spring campaign of diversions that eventually allowed him to get his army across the river south of Vicksburg. All this Grant had accomplished while cut off from his base of operations and supply, and in direct violation of his stated orders to advance south into Louisiana for a combined operation against Port Hudson.

The campaign on and along the Mississippi River started in February with Union forces pushing down from Cairo, Illinois into disputed territory in Missouri and Kentucky and Confederate territory in Tennessee and ended with the surrender of the last Confederate strongholds on the Mississippi River, Vicksburg, Mississippi on July 4, and of Port Hudson, Louisiana on July 9, And so the weary days went on.

Racing ahead, the first division was soon clear of the forts, however Farragut's second division encountered more difficulty. A second mine was exploded on July 1 but was not followed up by an attack.

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Battle of Vicksburg Facts & Summary