How to write article summary outline

All but one of them contain a link to the original passage.

Article summary template

They understand that if they can write a one- or two-sentence summary of each paragraph after reading it, then that is a good sign that they have correctly understood it. Not all writers use such a straightforward structure. Formulate a single sentence to summarize the whole text, looking at the author's thesis or topic sentences as a guide. A summary must be coherent: It should make sense as a piece of writing in its own right; it should not merely be taken directly from your list of notes or sound like a disjointed collection of points. If a text is organized in a linear fashion, you may be able to write a summary simply by paraphrasing the major points from the beginning of the text to the end. However, be careful to express the ideas in your own way, using your own vocabulary and expressions as much as possible, rather than copying or just rearranging. Rewrite and rearrange your paragraph s as needed to make your writing clear and concise, to eliminate relatively minor or repetitious points, and to provide transitions. Even if they agree, they will probably write their summaries in different ways. You are hoping to create an overview; therefore, you need not include every repetition of a point or every supporting detail.

A summary does not need a conclusion, but if the original ends with a message to the reader this should not be left out. If you are writing a literature paper, for example, your teacher probably does not want you to simply write a plot summary.

summary of an article example

Don't simply quote the author; instead use your own words to express your understanding of what you have read. For citing electronic sources, please see Citation of Electronic Resources.

A summary must be coherent: It should make sense as a piece of writing in its own right; it should not merely be taken directly from your list of notes or sound like a disjointed collection of points.

Summary writing tips

Murray and Anna C. If there is a word or words that are repeated throughout the passage, this is likely to be related to the topic. Of course, you can use key words or phrases. How to write a summary of a short piece of writing: 1. In other words, there is unlikely to be only one "correct" summary. A summary must be independent: You are not being asked to imitate the author of the text you are writing about. Part II What is a good summary? For some model summaries, click here.

Instead, a summary is a distillation of the ideas or argument of the text. For a multi-paragraph summary, discuss each supporting point in a separate paragraph.

newspaper article summary example

The article author further states that A good summary may use key words from the original text but should not contain whole phrases or sentences from the original unless quotation marks are used. The features of a summary: 1. Your summary should be considerably shorter than the source.

How to write a summary of an article example

A complete bibliographic citation includes as a minimum, the title of the work, the author, the source. Example: In the feature article "Four Kinds of Reading," the author, Donald Hall, explains his opinion about different types of reading. You may be used to reading English in order to answer questions set by someone else. This means you have to be very careful of your word choice. A good summary should give an objective outline of the whole piece of writing. First steps to writing a summary 1. A summary must be coherent: It should make sense as a piece of writing in its own right; it should not merely be taken directly from your list of notes or sound like a disjointed collection of points. Because defending claims with source material is what you will be asked to do when writing papers for your college professors. A summary does not need a conclusion, but if the original ends with a message to the reader this should not be left out. Do not include too much detail. To include every detail is neither necessary nor desirable.

Change the order if necessary, so that the main idea comes first and is followed by the supporting ideas and evidence in a logical sequence.

Quotations should only be made if there is a reason for using the original words, for example because the choice of words is significant, or because the original is so well expressed.

Summary essay example

For example, you could look for all the topic sentences. However, when you read in order to write a summary, you must read in order to decide for yourself what the main points are. Quotations should only be made if there is a reason for using the original words, for example because the choice of words is significant, or because the original is so well expressed. As you read, underline all the important points and and all the important evidence. If they can not summarize the main idea of the paragraph, they know that comprehension has broken down and they need to use fix-up strategies to repair understanding. Even if they agree, they will probably write their summaries in different ways. Proficient students may monitor their understanding of a text by summarizing as they read. Transition words and phrases should help you to understand how the piece is joined together. It is common in many and level classes to get assignments that ask you to read a certain number of articles and summarize them. Identify in order the significant sub-claims the author uses to defend the main point.

A complete bibliographic citation includes as a minimum, the title of the work, the author, the source.

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How to Start a Summary Paragraph: 10 Steps (with Pictures)